What is Periodontal Disease (aka Gum Disease)?

Periodontal disease develops when the gums and possibly the bones surrounding the teeth become inflamed and infected. It is a common problem for adults and is caused by an accumulation of plaque. The plaque, if allowed to remain on the teeth long enough, can cause irritation and inflammation to the gums and lead to periodontal disease.

What are the Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease?

The biggest risk factor for periodontal disease is poor dental hygiene. If you don’t brush your teeth and floss properly, you increase your chances of developing gum disease. Other risk factors, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention include smoking, uncontrolled diabetes and taking certain medications, which can lead to dry mouth.

What are the Symptoms of Periodontal Disease?

Symptoms of periodontal disease include bad breath and swollen gums. Gums may also bleed after you brush your teeth. Symptoms may be mild at first, but they can become more severe as the inflammation and infection progresses. One reason why seeing your dentist is so important is he can let you know if you have the early stages of gum disease.

Gingivitis and Complications

Early stage of the disease is called gingivitis. Left untreated, periodontal disease could become more serious, and periodontitis can develop. When this occurs, one is at risk for bone loss around the tooth and may even have tooth loss. It is also more difficult to treat at this stage.

Periodontal Disease Treatment NYC

Bacteria are always forming in the mouth, but with proper oral care, you can reduce bacteria and plaque buildup. Proper oral hygiene starts at home by regularly brushing and flossing your teeth. It is also essential you see a dentist to have checkups to determine if you have any dental problems.

Professional teeth cleaning is also a critical part of preventing and treating periodontal disease. This will remove plaque and tartar and help reduce inflammation of the gums. Dentists and hygienists use special instruments and have expertise in oral hygiene. This allows removing areas of plaque or tartar you would not be able to at home. Additionally, if you have more advanced disease, a deep cleaning can be done at your dentist’s office.

Need a Dentist Experienced in the Treatment of Periodontal Disease? Contact Dr. Massiah Today!

A trip to the NYC dentist is also a good opportunity to become educated on preventing periodontal disease from returning. It may seem easy, but not everyone brushes and flosses their teeth correctly. The dentist can instruct you on how to properly take care of your teeth, gums and mouth.

Call Upper West Side dentist Dr. Massiah at 212-222-5225 to book an appointment today or fill out a contact form, and we’ll call you!