Periodontal Disease is a common disease seen by oral health professionals every day. According to the CDC, 47.2% of U.S. adults have some form of periodontal disease and many aren’t even aware of it. It ranges from a mild irritation of the gums known as gingivitis to a more advanced stage called periodontitis in which gum retraction occurs and escalates into tooth loss. Fortunately, if caught early periodontal disease can be treated and the odds of a patient if suffering from tooth loss is greatly diminished.
Periodontal Disease Symptoms
- Red,swollen or tender gums
- Persistent bad breath
- Bleeding while brushing, flossing, or eating hard food
- Development of sores in your mouth
- Presence of pus between your gums and teeth
- Noticeable changes in teeth spacing
- Alterations to the bite of your teeth
- Receding gums
How It Begins
Periodontal disease usually starts off with the accumulation of plaque on your teeth. If the plaque continues to set on a tooth’s surface the enamel will be jeopardized and calcification happens. This calcification is seen through the presence of tartar. Since tartar is not something that can be removed with normal brushing and flossing the aid of dental hygienists are imperative to restore teeth to their original state.
Continuous neglect of oral hygiene results in further bacteria growth causing soft tissue pockets and infection. Eventually your immune system will become vulnerable to the infection and your tissue, gums, and bones will be destroyed.
Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease
- Smoking- one of the leading causes in gum diseases. It also interferes with the success of treatment.
- Hormonal Changes- can cause tooth sensitivity.
- Diabetes- heightens the risk of getting infections.
- Medications- reduce the flow of saliva and can cause an overgrowth of gum tissue.
It is important to keep your teeth and gums healthy in order to prevent further complications and tooth loss. If you have any of these periodontal disease symptoms, call experienced Upper West Side dentist Dr. Shaun Massiah at 212-222-5225 today to schedule an appointment.